Remembering the L.A. Riots

White Boy


The L.A. 53
by Jim Crogan

FIFTY-THREE PEOPLE DIED in L.A.'s riot 10 years ago.

Gunfire killed 35, including eight people shot by law enforcement and two by National Guardsmen. Six died in arson fires. Attackers used sticks or boards to kill two others. Stabbings killed two. Six died in car accidents; two in hit-and-runs. One was strangled.

The violence crossed racial and ethnic lines. The dead included 25 African-Americans, 16 Latinos, eight whites, two Asians, one Algerian, and one Indian or Middle Easterner. Men outnumbered women, 48 to 5.

One of the more troubling statistics: 22 of the cases remain open, unsolved homicides.

Investigative reporter JIM CROGAN, using coroner's reports, police records and interviews, compiled these snapshots of the final moments of the lives of L.A.'s 53.


Arturo Carlos Miranda

TIME: 7:30 p.m. LOCATION: Intersection of 120th Street and Central Avenue, South-Central L.A. STATUS: Open case, LAPD's Southeast Division: (213) 485-6902

Miranda, a 23-year-old Mexican-American, was driving home from a South-Central park with a nephew and a friend. A blue car pulled up and someone fired one shot, hitting Miranda in the chest.

Dwight Taylor

TIME: 8:15 p.m. LOCATION: 400 block of W. Martin Luther King Jr. Blvd. STATUS: Open case, LAPD's Southwest Division: (213) 485-6571

Taylor, a 43-year-old African-American, stood on a South L.A. street, where he had stopped on his way home from work. Someone drove by and shot him in the neck.

Franklin Antonio Benavidez

TIME: 8:35 p.m. LOCATION: 4404 S. Western Ave., South-Central L.A.

Southwest Division officers said they caught 27-year-old Benavidez robbing a gas station on South Western Avenue. When he pulled a gun on them, he was shot twice in the chest. He left behind a young child. It appears that a gunshot residue sample was never tested to prove that Benavidez had handled a weapon; the shooting was found to be justified.

Eduardo Canedo Vela

TIME: 9 p.m. LOCATION: 5000 block of West Slauson Avenue, Ladera Heights

STATUS: Open case, Sheriff's Homicide Division: (323) 890-5500

Car trouble led to the death of Vela, a 33-year-old Mexican-American from Arvin, who was driving with two friends when their car broke down on Slauson Avenue. Vela stayed with the light-blue, 1986 Ford Taurus, while his companions looked for a phone. When they returned, Vela was on his back in the street, with a gunshot wound to the chest. Vela left behind a wife, Rosa, and an 8-month-old daughter.

Anthony Lamarr Netherly

TIME: Between 9 and 10 p.m. LOCATION: Intersection of 78th and San Pedro streets, South-Central L.A. STATUS: Open case, LAPD's 77th Division: (213) 485-1385

A passing motorist found Netherly, a 21-year-old African-American, lying in the street and took him to Martin Luther King Jr. Medical Center. He had been shot in the left eye. Netherly was a nurse's assistant.

Willie Bernard Williams

TIME: 9:30 p.m. LOCATION: Unknown

Williams, a 29-year-old African-American, weighed more than 300 pounds. Somehow he fell out of the back of his brother's truck and suffered severe head injuries. Williams' death, ruled accidental, was blamed on treacherous driving conditions.

John Henry Willers
TIME: 11 p.m. LOCATION: 10,000 block of North Sepulveda Boulevard, Mission Hills STATUS: Open case, LAPD's Foothill Division: (818) 834-3115

It appears that this man's kindness cost him his life. Thirty-seven-year-old Willers, a white man from Salt Lake City, tried to help people involved in a head-on collision in Mission Hills. Passersby gunned him down, the fatal shot piercing his heart.

Elbert Ondra Wilkins

TIME: 11:30 p.m. LOCATION: Intersection of 92nd Street and Western Avenue, South-Central L.A. STATUS: Open case, LAPD's 77th Division: (213) 485-1385

As Wilkins, 33, and some friends stood around their car, shots rang out from a passing car. A bullet hit Wilkins, an African-American, in the chest, ripping into his aorta. Wilkins' friends drove him to Martin Luther King Jr. Medical Center, where he died.

Jimmie Harris

TIME: Midnight LOCATION: Intersection of Avalon Boulevard and Slauson Avenue, Watts

Perilous driving conditions contributed to the death of Harris. The 38-year-old African-American was eastbound on Slauson Avenue in South-Central, when his car collided with another one at Avalon Boulevard. The riot delayed paramedics. He left behind a wife, Ernestine. No charges were filed.

Nissar Daoud Mustafa a.k.a. Wassir Daoud Nissar

TIME: Unknown LOCATION: 1601 S. Western Ave., Koreatown STATUS: Open case, LAPD's Criminal Conspiracy Section: (213) 473-7474

Arsonists torched the J.J. Newberry Department store on South Western Avenue. Nearly four months later, on August 12, a worker found the body of Mustafa, a 20-year-old Indian or Middle Easterner, in the rubble. Mustafa had lived at 326 S. Normandie Ave. in the Wilshire District.

Anthony James Taylor
Dennis Ray Jackson Sr.

TIME: Midnight LOCATION: 11,300 block of Alvaro Street

It appears these two African-Americans, Taylor, 31, and Jackson, 38, died in a shootout with LAPD officers near Nickerson Gardens Housing Project. Taylor was hit in the head; Jackson, in the back, the bullet shattering his spinal cord and slicing his aorta. Tests showed both men had likely handled or fired a weapon.

Elias Garcia Rivera

TIME: Unknown LOCATION: Vanowen Street near Coldwater Canyon Avenue, North Hollywood

Hours after the jury verdict, a group of African-American men stood outside their North Hollywood apartment collecting donations to retry the white officers. One resident gave $2 and resisted demands to give more. He tried to run away but was hit on the head with a board. His neighbor, Rivera, intervened and was struck in the head, suffering a broken skull. He went into a coma, and his family removed him from life-support on December 16. A jury convicted Traville Craig, 19, of murder, and he received a life sentence with no chance of parole.

THURSDAY, April 30

Juanita Rena Pettaway (also spelled Pedaway)
Jerel Channell
Darnell Levalle Mallory

TIME: 12:10 a.m. LOCATION: Intersection of Santa Monica Boulevard and Seward Street, Hollywood

These three African-American robbery suspects, Pettaway, 38, Channell, 26, and Mallory, 18, died in a police pursuit. Mallory, the driver, lost control and slammed into a fire hydrant and brick wall. Police said the suspects tossed out a gun and stolen property during the chase.

Ira Frederick McCurry

TIME: Unknown, body found at 12:10 a.m. LOCATION: Intersection of 102nd Street and Avalon Boulevard, Watts STATUS: Open case, LAPD's Southeast Division: (213) 485-6902

McCurry, a 45-year-old white male, was found dead on the street, shot through the right eye as he pleaded with looters not to burn down a store next to his house. He was a maintenance worker for L.A. County Parks and Recreation Department.

Deandre Harrison

TIME: Unknown LOCATION: Found near intersection of 114th Street and Central Avenue, South-Central L.A.

Harrison, a 17-year-old African-American, was found with a bullet wound in his chest. Detectives speculated Harrison might have been a sniper shot by police; the case appears closed.

Meeker Mardah Gibson

TIME: Body found at 4:30 a.m. LOCATION: 1040 E. Holt Ave., Pomona 0STATUS: Open case, Pomona Police: (909) 622-1241

Gibson, a 35-year-old African-American, may have been talking on a gas-station pay phone when he took a shotgun blast to the chest. His body was found May 1. His wife, Valerie, survived him.

William Anthony Ross

TIME: Body found between 7 and 8 a.m. LOCATION: 2882 Ninth St., Koreatown STATUS: Open case, LAPD Criminal Conspiracy Section: (213) 473-7474

Ross, a 25-year-old African-American, burned to death inside a grocery store looted and torched in Koreatown. Ross died, curled up under a metal desk in the office, with a wad of cash in a pant pocket. The coroner ruled the death a homicide.

Brian Edmund Andrew

TIME: 12:30 p.m. LOCATION: 1116 N. Chester Ave., Compton

Compton Police officers said they saw Andrew, a 30-year-old African-American, looting a store on Chester Avenue. Andrew hit one officer in the head with a bottle, and another officer fired a shot at point-blank range, hitting Andrew in the face. The District Attorney's Office ruled the shooting to be justifiable.

Howard A. Epstein

TIME: Between 2:30 and 4:30 p.m. LOCATION: Intersection of Slauson Avenue and Seventh Avenue, South-Central L.A. STATUS: Open case, LAPD's 77th Division: (213) 485-1385

Epstein, a 45-year-old white man from Orinda, was westbound on Slauson Avenue in South-Central, when someone in another car fired at his vehicle. The shot hit Epstein in the left temple. His Ford Thunderbird kept going until it hit a tree. While Epstein lay bleeding, rioters robbed him and looted his car. The crowd's hostility was so intense, police towed the car with the body still inside. Epstein had come to L.A. to check on his business. He left behind a wife, Stephanie.

Thanh Lam

TIME: 3:15 p.m. LOCATION: Alondra Boulevard, east of Willowbrook Avenue, Compton STATUS: Open case, Sheriff's Homicide Division: (323) 890-5500

The riot did not keep Monterey Park resident Lam, a 25-year-old Vietnamese-American, from trying to make deliveries for his family's small grocery. He was eastbound on Alondra Boulevard, in his 1989 Toyota truck with a camper shell, and stopped at a red light at Willowbrook. A late-1970s or early-1980s blue Cadillac pulled up, and a front-seat passenger, described as an African-American man in his early 20s, yelled a racial slur and opened fire, hitting Lam four times, three times in the chest and once in the back.

Mark Garcia

TIME: 4:20 p.m. LOCATION: Intersection of 107th Street and Burin Avenue, Lennox

Sheriff's deputies chased a carload of suspects fleeing a looted jewelry store near 110th Street and Hawthorne Boulevard. When the getaway car crashed, the suspects ran a short distance and exchanged gunfire with deputies. Garcia, who had followed in another car, joined the chase. The 15-year-old Mexican-American was shot in the chest. A gunshot-residue test showed that Garcia had not held a weapon, the shooting was ruled justifiable.

Patrick Bettan

TIME: 4:45 p.m. LOCATION: 2740 W. Olympic Blvd., Koreatown

Bettan, a 30-year-old Algerian-born Frenchman, worked as an armed security guard at a shopping center, where he joined a group of armed storeowners defending their property. During one looting spree, Bettan was shot. The round blew off the top of his head. According to the coroner's report, Bettan's wound seemed "inconsistent with the weapons wielded by the rioters. It more nearly matched the high-powered rifles used by the shopkeepers." LAPD investigators determined Bettan had been accidentally shot by one of his employers. No charges were filed.

Frank Daniel Lopez

TIME: Sometime before 5:30 p.m. LOCATION: 16th Street, east of Central Avenue, Central City

Lopez, a 36-year-old transient, was found face down on the street. He had been hit by a car. Lopez's family was never found, and the county eventually buried him. His death was ruled accidental.

Matthew Ellis Haines

TIME: 6:35 p.m. LOCATION: 1900 block of Lemon Street, Long Beach

A mob of a dozen or so African-American youth set upon Haines, a 32-year-old white man, as he rode his motorcycle with his roommate on back. They pulled Haines, a local motorcycle mechanic, and his friend off the bike, robbed them and shot Haines. Ironically, Haines was on his way to meet a black friend to help him move. Seven of his attackers were found guilty or accepted plea agreements.

Gregory Davis Jr.

TIME: 7 p.m. LOCATION: Intersection of Vermont Avenue and 43rd Street, South-Central L.A. STATUS: Open case, LAPD's Southwest Division: (213) 485-6571

Fifteen-year-old Davis Jr., an African-American who lived on West 70th Street in South-Central, was shot in the forehead as he walked on the street.

Adolpho Morales a.k.a. Andre Garnica

TIME: 7:15 p.m. LOCATION: 2000 block of West Pico Boulevard, Pico-Union STATUS: Open case, LAPD's Rampart Division: (213) 207-2147

Morales, 37, was stabbed to death. Police found the knife but no traceable prints. Morales carried fake ID listing his name as Andre Garnica.

Hector Rivas Castro

TIME: 7:30 p.m. LOCATION: Intersection of Vermont and Leeward avenues, East Hollywood

Castro, 49, was shot in the back as he walked in East Hollywood. The bullet broke his spine and punctured his heart. A friend put the mortally wounded Castro in the back seat of his car and drove to the nearest contingent of police. The LAPD determined that a National Guardsman shot Castro. His death was ruled accidental.

Louis Amari Watson

TIME: 7:45 p.m. LOCATION: Intersection of Vernon and Normandie avenues, South-Central L.A. STATUS: Open case, LAPD's Southwest Division: (213) 485-6571

According to Watson's aunt, her 18-year-old African-American nephew was standing with a large group of people when a gunman opened fire. Watson was struck in the head. Southwest Detective Supervisor Ron Richards believes people know who did it, but no one has come forward.

John Doe No. 80

TIME: Unknown LOCATION: 5801 S. Vermont Ave., South-Central L.A. STATUS: Open case, LAPD's Criminal Conspiracy Section: (213) 473-7474

Police think that John Doe No. 80 -- the only unidentified riot victim -- died in a fire at Pep Boys. The body, discovered two days later, weighed 117 pounds, was nearly 5 feet tall, with brown hair, a mustache and a goatee. He was about 35 years old.

George Antonio Sosa

TIME: 8 p.m. LOCATION: 2600 block of Florence Avenue, Huntington Park

An unidentified gunman shot 20-year-old Sosa as he allegedly looted a store in Huntington Park.

Jose Very Solorzano or Joel Very Solorzano or Noel Solorzano

TIME: 8:15 p.m. LOCATION: Intersection of Santa Monica Boulevard and Vermont Avenue

A shopkeeper defending his property shot Solorzano, 25, while he allegedly looted a store.

James Lino Taylor

TIME: 8:47 p.m. LOCATION: 5209 W. Sunset Blvd.

A storekeeper may have shot and killed James Taylor, a 27-year-old African-American, as he allegedly looted stores in a Hollywood strip mall.

Juan Antonio Pineda

TIME: 9:45 p.m. LOCATION: 4000 block of Santa Monica Boulevard, East Hollywood

Sniper fire hit Pineda, 20, as he sat with his brother and friends in a car in East Hollywood. A judge dismissed murder charges at a preliminary hearing; the case was closed.

Edward Song Lee

TIME: 9:50 p.m. LOCATION: Near corner of Third Street and Hobart Boulevard, Wilshire District

Lee, 18, a Korean-American living with his mom in the Wilshire District, was out with three friends when they got into a fight with another group of Koreans. Police responded to the gunfight and exchanged fire with both groups. Lee suffered two fatal hits to the chest as he sat in the front seat of a car. Someone in the rival group shot him. Detectives later learned the gun battle was a tragic mistake. Each group had been protecting Korean-owned stores and mistook the other for looters. Police made an arrest; no charges filed.

Cesar Augusto Aguilar

TIME: 10 to 11 p.m. LOCATION: 2009 W. Sixth St., Westlake

Police said they confronted Aguilar, a 19-year-old Honduran immigrant, at a convenience store in the Westlake area. When Officer James MacDonald ordered Aguilar to raise his hands, the officer said he saw the butt of a gun in his waistband. Aguilar lowered his arms and MacDonald feared he was reaching for the gun. The officer fired his shotgun and Officer J. Leuck fired one round from his handgun, hitting Aguilar in his back. The shooting was deemed justifiable. The body was turned over to the Honduran consul for shipment home.

Ernest Neal Jr.

TIME: 11:30 p.m. LOCATION: Intersection of Western Avenue and 92nd Street, South-Central L.A. STATUS: Open case, LAPD's 77th Division: (213) 485-1385

Neal Jr., a 27-year-old African-American, was standing with another man when someone shot at them. Neal was hit in the head.


Paul Douglas Horace

TIME: Noon LOCATION: 1439 E. Walnut St., South-Central L.A.

This murder may or may not be riot-related. Horace was involved in a drug deal gone bad. The 38-year-old African-American was fatally wounded as he tried to run from his killers. Horace left behind a wife, Donna. Two adults and a juvenile were convicted of murder.

Lucie Rose Maronian

TIME: 2 p.m. LOCATION: 1800 block East New York Drive, Altadena

Four knife-wielding African-American youths chased Maronian's son and a couple of his friends through their Altadena neighborhood. They sought refuge on a neighbor's roof. Maronian, a 50-year-old teacher's aide in Pasadena schools, tried to intercede. She was stabbed three times in the chest and twice in the back. Her attackers were convicted of burglary and assault; the jury hung on the murder charges. Sheriff's Homicide Lieutenant Joseph Hartshorne said his unit is reviewing DNA evidence and might once again seek murder charges.

Aaron Ratinoff (??Jew??)
TIME: 4:30 p.m. LOCATION: 11,690 W. Gateway Blvd., West L.A.

In what has to rank as the most bizarre death of the riot, someone at Bob's Market in West L.A. strangled the 68-year-old Bel Air Estates resident in the produce section. A white male, Ratinoff was shopping at the store because it was the nearest market open. Ratinoff was buying vegetables, when he knocked some cornhusks to the ground. He began arguing with someone, and the situation escalated. Police made an arrest; no charges filed.

Charles William Orebo

TIME: 6 p.m. LOCATION: Florence Avenue, near Harbor Freeway overpass, South-Central L.A.

Heading down the Harbor Freeway, Orebo, a 22-year-old African-American, allegedly threatened a motorist, who turned out to be an off-duty LAPD officer. An off-duty L.A. Sheriff's deputy followed in the next car. It's unclear who started shooting, but people in all three vehicles exchanged fire. Orebo was thrown out of the car as it headed down the Florence Avenue off ramp. He had been shot in the head, back and left forearm. The shooting was ruled justifiable.

Betty Jackson

TIME: 7:30 p.m. LOCATION: Intersection of 51st and Main streets, Central City

Jackson, a 59-year-old African-American, was riding in a small Datsun, moving eastbound on 51st Street, when her car slammed into the back of a Ford van. Her death was ruled accidental.

Alfred Miller

TIME: 7:30 p.m. LOCATION: 5400 block of South Van Ness Avenue, South-Central L.A.

Alfred Miller, a 32-year-old African-American, was shot in the neck in a drive-by shooting. The bullet broke two of his vertebrae, hit his spine and lodged in his shoulder. It appears an arrest was made, but the D.A. declined to prosecute.

Kevin Andrew Evanshen

TIME: Midnight LOCATION: 11,849 Braddock Dr., Venice STATUS: Open case, LAPD's Criminal Conspiracy Division: (213) 473-7474

Homicide investigators nicknamed Evanshen the Good Samaritan. His mistake was trying to put out a fire started by looters at a check-cashing store. The 24-year-old white man slipped through a weakened portion of the office roof and died from burns and smoke inhalation.

Wilson Alvarez

TIME: Unknown LOCATION: 3100 Rosecrans Ave., Hawthorne STATUS: Open case, Gardena Police: (310) 217-9622

Authorities believe looters fatally beat Alvarez with sticks after the 40-year-old transient started throwing rocks at them to break up a stealing spree. Alvarez died on May 23. Gardena homicide investigator Mark Wilson believes someone saw the beating.


Carol Ann Benson

TIME: Unknown LOCATION: Found on Harbor Freeway STATUS: Case open, LAPD's South Bureau Traffic: (323) 290-6063

The body of Benson, a 43-year-old African-American, was found on the freeway near downtown, an apparent hit-and-run victim.

Juana Espinosa

TIME: 12:20 p.m. LOCATION: 7,600 block of Compton Avenue, Watts

A Sheriff's deputy believes the gunfire that killed Espinosa, 65, of South-Central was likely meant for police cars. Espinosa was shot in the chest as she walked down the street. She left behind a husband, Socorro. A Latino juvenile was convicted of murder and an assault with a gun on another person and given a two-year sentence at a juvenile camp. "I know it's hard to imagine, a two-year sentence for murder, but it happened," says Sheriff's Homicide Lieutenant Joseph Hartshorne.

Fredrick Ward

TIME: 10:45 p.m. LOCATION: 11,900 block of Cometa Street, Pacoima

Ward, a 20-year-old African-American, was shot several times as he stood in front of a house. He left behind a young child. The case was closed by the LAPD.

Juan Veron Roberto Salgado

TIME: Unknown LOCATION: 3115 S. Main St., South-Central L.A. STATUS: Open case, LAPD's Criminal Conspiracy Section: (213) 473-7474

A worker from a neighboring business found the body of Salgado, 20, inside a burned-out clothing store, Collective Merchandise Inc., on May 20. Authorities believe his body had been there since a May 2 fire. The death was ruled a homicide.


Howard Eugene Martin

TIME: 12:40 a.m. LOCATION: 1279 N. Los Robles Ave., Pasadena

Pasadena police shot Martin, a 22-year-old African-American, at a party that turned violent. Police cars sought help from a police helicopter, which was forced down by gunfire. As officers exchanged fire with party guests, Martin opened the apartment door and was shot in the head. He left behind a young daughter. The shooting was ruled accidental.

Victor Rodrigo Rivas

TIME: 7:40 p.m. LOCATION: Intersection of Pico Boulevard and New Hampshire Avenue, Pico-Union

It was after curfew and Rivas, 31, was driving his 1974 Datsun 280Z in the Rampart area, near a National Guardsmen post. Authorities said Rivas was driving fast, and Guardsmen responded by pointing their rifles at his car. Rivas stopped, made a U-turn, and went around the block. As he approached the Guardsmen a second time, his car hit one of the soldiers, and others opened fire with their M-16s. In all, 14 rounds were fired, and Rivas was hit five times. LAPD's Rampart homicide detectives cleared the Guardsmen.

Arheel's Uncle

Senior Reporter

Reginald Denny, was the White male truck driver who was dragged out of his big rig & got the black mob beatdown. It left him horribly disabled for years.

I was in caught driving in the middle of the L.A. RIOTS. I was in Inglewood, doing errands & driving a 4WD truck, ended up driving up and over meridians and curbs for about 3 miles to get myself out of it. Blacks were attacking White people in cars, using bats to break windows in cars. I barely made it back home.
It was like being in a live action movie.

I met him, Reggie Denny was doing boat repair at a shop in Lake Havasu, Arizona. It's been about 16 years since I last saw him.

Arheel's Uncle

Senior Reporter
Reginald Denny

The "L.A. Four" BLACKS​

The "L.A. Four" was a nickname given to the first four men charged with the attack on Denny: Damian Williams, Henry Watson, Antoine Miller, and Gary Williams.[17]

Damian Monroe Williams (born March 17, 1973) was considered the most high-profile member of the four. [17] He was a 19-year-old former high-school football star nicknamed "Football".[18] Williams was identified on the video recording thanks to a large tattoo on his left arm related to the Crips street gang.[3] He was mentioned in news reports and court records as a member of the 71 Hustlers, an affiliation of the Eight Trey Gangster Crips. Williams had several juvenile arrests but no convictions. His friends recalled him as being generous to children and devoted to caring for an older brother who had been beaten in a robbery.[11]

Williams faced the most serious charges of the four, and was eventually convicted of four misdemeanors and simple mayhem. He was paroled after serving four years of his 10-year sentence.[11] After his release, he was arrested and convicted for his role in the 2000 murder of a drug dealer, and sentenced to 46 years in prison.[18]

Henry Keith Watson was a 27-year-old former US Marine and an ex-convict who had served time for armed robbery. After his release from prison, he married, had a daughter, and was working two jobs at the time of the attack.[19]

Antoine Eugene Miller (May 5, 1972 – February 8, 2004) was a 19-year-old who lived with Damian Williams' family. Miller's mother was not able to care for him, so as a child, Miller was sent to live with his grandmother. When he was 12, his grandmother killed his grandfather during an argument and was convicted of his murder, leaving Miller homeless. Miller had previously been arrested for misdemeanor drug charges, joyriding, and failing to appear in court.[19] Miller was shot and killed at age 31 in a Hollywood nightclub in February 2004.[20]

Gary Anthony Williams was a 33-year-old man described as a "drifter" and a "hustler" who begged at a local gas station. Although he claimed to work there, his arrest record listed him as unemployed.[19]

In 1997, Damian Williams was released from prison early for good behavior, but in 2003, he was sentenced to 46 years to life in prison for the 2000 murder of drug dealer Grover Tinner.[28]
As of 2017, he is incarcerated at Centinela State Prison.[29] Watson was re-arrested and sentenced to three years for a narcotics conviction and, after his release, owned and operated a limousine service in Los Angeles.[26]
On February 1, 2004, Antoine Miller was shot outside of a Hollywood nightclub during an altercation and died in Cedars-Sinai Medical Center on February 8 at the age of 31.[23]
Gary Williams, Henry Watson, and Damian Williams gave interviews about the riots for the 2017 documentary Let It Fall: Los Angeles 1982–1992.

Arheel's Uncle

Senior Reporter

Murders of Whites during the 1992 Los Angeles Riots​

by Truthteller · March 19, 2021

For those who lived through the 1992 L.A. (Rodney King) riots, the devastation and death count may be distant memories; unless you owned a business in Koreatown or are a family member of one of the many victims.
Of the nearly 60 deaths that occurred during the riots, many were homicides. Here is a list of the outcome of those homicide cases as of 2017.
During the 6 days of the riots, many Latinos and some Asians were murdered. There were 50 homicides in all related to the riots. Below is a list of the white people murdered by African-American rioters. Most of the black victims were killed by other blacks. Most of these whites have never had justice since half the murders are unsolved and most of the others were acquittals or very light sentences; none given the justice that the law would normally prescribe for a homicide.
This list is only known homicides and doesn’t list the hundred of people; white, Asian and Latino, who were assaulted; in some case’s critically and permanently injured. One of those was trucker Reginald Denney.

Edward A Travens, 15, White: Shot five times on April 29, 1992 while driving to a video store with his brother Allen, who held him in his arms as he died.

UNSOLVED – John H Willers, 27, White: Shot dead after going outside the motel he was staying in on North Sepulveda Boulevard to watch injured drivers be taken to the hospital after a car accident.

Wallace Tope, 54, White: Remained in a coma for a year and nearly seven months after preaching to a group of looters to find their faith. Two men who kicked him repeatedly in the head plead no contest and were sentenced to jail on May 9, 1994. Fidel Ortiz, 22, was given an 11-year prison term and Leonard Sosa, 24, was given six years in prison.

UNSOLVED – William Ross, 33, White: Determined to have died on May 1, 1992 and was discovered the next day inside a market that was firebombed.

Patrick Bettan, 30, White: The security guard was accidentally shot and killed by a co-worker while a mini-mall was being looted in Koreatown on April 30, 1992.

UNSOLVED – Nissar Mustafa, 20, White: Originally characterized as John Doe #172 due to the decomposition it experienced after not being discovered nearly four months after the riots on August 12, 1992. He was found in the rubble of a burnt retail shop on South Western Avenue in Harvard Heights.

UNSOLVED – John Doe #80: Suffered a head wound and died of smoke inhalation at a Pep Boys on South Vermont Avenue on May 2, 1992. Identified days before the 25th anniversary of the riots by Cold Case Detective Luis Rivera – who is still searching for the man’s family.

UNSOLVED – Howard Epstein, 45, White: Shot while driving to check on a business he owned in the riot area on April 30, 1992. A crowd gathered after his car then crashed into the parking lot of a liquor store, and applause broke out when it was announced that the victim was white.

UNSOLVED – Kevin A Evanahen, 24, White: Fell through the roof of a store while trying to put out a fire on Braddock Drive and Inglewood Avenue on May 1, 1992.

Aaron Ratinoff, 68, White: Strangled by the manager at a supermarket following an argument about corn husks, which Ratinoff dropped on the ground, angering the manager on May 1, 1992

UNSOLVED – Ira M McCurry, 45, White: The army veteran was shot while trying to stop looters from setting fire to a liquor store that was next door to his home on April 30, 1992.

Matthew D Haines, 32, White: Beaten and shot in the head after being pulled off of his motorcycle in Long Beach with his nephew. Three men, two of whom were teenagers, were acquitted for his murder and found guilty of assault with a deadly weapon and conspiracy to assault, loot and rob.

Lucie R Maronian, 51, White: Stabbed in her home after confronting a group of teens who were chasing her 14-year-old son. Two Altadena teenagers who were accused of her murder were given five years’ probation – but charges related to her killing were dismissed after a mistrial.

Arheel's Uncle

Senior Reporter
Where I originally got the CCP information from many years ago, after the Rodney King riots. Which lead to research then finding Trevor Loudon in early 2020 who spells out the Asian perpetrators on orchestrating riots across the USA. I've viewed every riot video out there, taken hundreds of screenshots of Asians at riots after the George the Groid HOAX. Also, Discover the Networks which uncovers all the many people in government with Marxist Communist roots Discover the Networks

For what it's worth, St. Petersberg, Russia is the 1999 & 2003 origin of ANTIFA organizing in USA, Epoch Times also nailed them as Russian. As I said before, we have a lot of pathetic odd faced Russian immigrants since Bush's Sept 12, 1991 240 billion dollar loan, due on Sept 12, 2001. You can read about Russian origin of website here, if you want to. However, in 2020, oddly enough the WHOIS states location is now San Francisco, that is huge Asian territory, CCP, CPA, are there. Asians are well versed into computer technology & programming. Maybe the Asians think the heat died down.

I have past insider connections to police, this short document was verified to have been written by Arizona police officers back in 1990s with input from LAPD. I had forgotten about this but remembered it late last night after the last post, fortunately I saved all my bookmarks offline these days. The officers who wrote it knows the history of the bank family, UN, CCP & communism history, they pretty muck know what NNNF knows.
Everyone like SPLC Hatewatch to universities & their cronies have denounced it

My real goal was the CCP orchestration of the King riots.
You can read it online or download

SOME of the group names have changed, they are all the same groups, but have many more groups added that they may not have known about at the time.


Los Angeles County Sheriff's Detective Larry Brown speaking in Phoenix, Arizona
August 1992 stated that there was more behind the riots than the public knows. He
revealed that known agitators from the Revolutionary Communist Party (RCP), Socialist
Worker's Party (SWP), Progressive Labor Party (PLP) Socialist Organizing Network
(SON), were there to press for a riot before it started and some members of these
organizations participated in the rioting, looting, and arson.

He said that Mayor Bradley gave a very inflammatory statement that was broadcast on
L.A. TV before the riots. He states, what many Police Officers already know, that Mayor
Bradley has strongly supported the Communist Party USA since he first ran for mayor.

Also, he received support from the ACLU, and National Lawyers Guild (Both pro-
Communist groups.) In his 1969 bid to become mayor his political manager was
Communist Party functionary Don Rothenberg. Gus Hall, the Director of the Communist
Party USA came to L.A. to tell the Communists to help elect Bradley.

Some of our fellow Officers in Southern California believe, after evaluation of the
evidence and results, that the outcome of the trial was planned by certain government
officials and carried out with precision by the judge and prosecutor. We believe they are
right. How did they manipulate the jury? (Read Aid & Abet Police Newsletter Vol. 1
Num. 10, that addresses the science of how this is accomplished.) There is no doubt that
it was understood what a NOT GUILTY verdict would accomplish. But, that's another
story. (See Aid & Abet Vol. 2, Num. 1 and Num. 2., which covers other parts of this
incredible well-laid plan for creating anarchy in the streets and TERROR in the hearts of
U.S. citizens. The goal? To get the citizens to give up their Bill of Rights so that their
government can make the streets "safe again" through global government.)

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Arheel's Uncle

Senior Reporter
Aid & Abet Vol. 2, Num. 1

Why was Jack McLamb demonized? H
My having worked with elderly who were being exploited, you'd be surprised just how far devious greedy family will go.

39 day 1997 standoff at Roby, Illinois

elderly woman named Shirley Allen, of Roby, Illinois, a former nurse whose family's 1997 attempt to have her involuntarily committed led to a 39-day standoff.
Though the relatives have said they were concerned about her mental state, many, such as her best friend Marie E. Gribbins (Riech), have alleged that the motive was to gain control of her land; there were two oil wells on her 47-acre (190,000 m2) farm.
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Arheel's Uncle

Senior Reporter
Why was Jack McLamb demonized? H

I'd meant to post this Hatewatch article by SPLC die a tribe. I was distracted.
It is a good who is who. Reading opposition can be enlightening if you intend on using SoMe.
I see they're becoming worried. They recognize many people are sick of their lies.

Checking articles at SPLC or ACLU was part of the reason why I found NNN.
I recognized it when they did not provide a link to NNN, nor did they write more than a veiled paragraph.
I could easily debunk most of their article using valid government sources.

Constitutional Sheriffs Chief Runs Online Radio Station Featuring White Supremacists​

February 28, 2023

Jason Wilson

Sam Bushman, the CEO of the antigovernment Constitutional Sheriffs and Peace Officers Association (CSPOA), defended running white-nationalist broadcasts on his online station, Liberty News Radio (LNR), during an extended, often-meandering telephone conversation with Hatewatch on Feb. 21.

Asked about the programs “Blood River Radio” (BRR), which is obsessively focused on the false conspiracy narrative of “white genocide,” and “The Political Cesspool” (TPC), on which host James Edwards has for years hosted a rotating cast of prominent white nationalists, Bushman first falsely disputed that BRR was on his station’s schedule, then repeatedly claimed that the SPLC-listed extremist Edwards was “not a white supremacist” and “is a good guy.”

Bushman claimed his “purpose is free speech,” said that he believes in “faith, family and free speech,” and continued repeating this justification throughout the 90-minute conversation with Hatewatch.
Asked if a belief in free speech compelled him to offer his own radio station to white-nationalist extremists – or even to occasionally host them on his own programs – Bushman offered various justifications.
At one point in the conversation, Bushman said, “That’s how dialogue happens” and claimed through dialogue he could “dissuade” people from an adherence to extremist politics. At another point he offered a comparison between his inclusion of extremists on his shows with former Los Angeles radio host Phil Hendrie’s practice of assuming characters on air and staging arguments with himself, saying, “He knew it would get people’s attention.”

Later, Bushman claimed that he was simply seeking “intriguing political conversations” by platforming white nationalists.
Bushman steadfastly refused to say whether he or his station earned money on advertising that ran during those programs, saying that the information was “private,” insisting that “I will not reveal contractual information” and asking in the face of Hatewatch’s repeated questions on the matter, “How much does the SPLC pay you?”
Bushman also unpredictably drifted into unrelated topics during the conversation. At one point he said that “I believe that evil people run the world. ‘The Moneychangers,’ I call them.”

He also offered contradictory positions on race. Though at one point he said, “I condemn and reject slavery,” he appeared to qualify this – and minimize slavery – by asking rhetorically if “a slave who learned to read and write on a plantation” was worse off than “a kid who is on the streets in Chicago” and falsely claiming that “the first plantation owner in Florida was a Black woman.”

He also said: “Do I believe in forced segregation? Absolutely not. But nor do I believe in forced merging. I believe in free association.”
The rhetorical embrace of “free association” has been a common strategy on the far right since the victories of the civil rights movement forced the desegregation of schools, colleges and public amenities in Southern states.

Bushman was appointed as CSPOA CEO last November, replacing Richard Mack. In announcing that move, however, Mack made it clear that in his new role as advisory board chair he would retain “complete control” over the organization.

In recent years, Mack has conducted ideologically loaded trainings to law enforcement officers in at least three states, and in seeking to expand CSPOA’s operations and membership, he has repeatedly sought to play down his connections with white-power groups.
The content broadcast on Bushman’s radio station, and Bushman’s attempts to justify carrying them, will complicate any future efforts to rhetorically distance CSPOA from overtly racist politics, and may in turn raise questions for law enforcement officers who continue to support the organization.

The political cesspool: White-nationalist propaganda on air​

The James Edwards-hosted TPC is one of two white-nationalist programs on LNR’s schedule. Edwards has hosted his openly racist and antisemitic radio show since 2005, and currently it broadcasts on Memphis Christian radio station WQRM as well as LNR.
Edwards has relentlessly used the program to interview and promote extremists from a range of far-right groups.

In recent months, he has hosted guests including Unite the Right (UTR) organizer Jason Kessler; UTR participant, white-nationalist podcaster and “crying Nazi” Christopher Cantwell; American Renaissance founder Jared Taylor; white nationalist, Klan lawyer and regular speaker at the American Renaissance conference Sam Dickson; white nationalist and former congressman Steve King; neo-Nazi tour operator Harry Cooper; white nationalist podcaster Tim Murdock; antisemitic author and former professor Kevin MacDonald; and the founder of the white-nationalist propaganda site VDARE, Peter Brimelow.

Last month, Edwards did an almost hour-long interview with Sascha Roßmüller. Roßmüller is a writer for Deutsche Stimme, the house publication of Germany’s neo-Nazi National Democratic Party, and vice chair of Europa Terra Nostra, a political foundation connected to the neo-fascist Alliance for Peace and Freedom Party, a federation of national far-right parties.

Beyond running the station and soliciting advertisers, Bushman has appeared on the show as a guest on several occasions, including at least two appearances in 2022.
On New Year’s Eve, Bushman was one of “a parade of guests” on the show including Taylor, Dickson, Murdock and MacDonald. An hour of that broadcast was devoted to a conversation between Edwards, Bushman and Michael Hill, founder of the neo-Confederate League of the South, who marched along with his organization at UTR.

Hatewatch emailed Edwards for comment on his guests and what if any financial relationship he might have with Bushman.
He responded, “I am very proud of my program and the fine men and women with whom we associate,” adding, “I do not apologize for associating with people that the Southern Poverty Law Center hates and will never disavow any of my friends.”

Blood Red River​

Another, newer program on LNR is “Blood River Radio” (BRR), hosted by former Edwards collaborator Eddie Miller. Like TPC, BRR is listed as a white-nationalist hate group by the SPLC. The broadcast runs on Liberty News Radio on Saturdays and Sundays, according to station schedules.

The broadcast appears to take its title from a comment made by right-wing, pro-segregationist preacher Jerry Falwell during a televised 1985 debate on apartheid with the Rev. Jesse Jackson. In defense of the racist apartheid system, Falwell warned of a “blood red river of communism” flowing through Africa, a prospect he linked with opponents of the white-supremacist South African regime.

Each episode sees Miller, his co-hosts and guests promoting the idea that white populations around the world are being exterminated or replaced and that Jewish people are orchestrating this process.

While Miller was at one time Edwards’ co-host on TPC, he has branched out on his own with a show entirely focused on the false conspiracy-minded narrative of “white genocide.” BRR’s website site map indicates the outlet has been posting podcast episodes since October 2018.
BRR’s “About” page claims that “genocide is being pursued against White Gentile people of the world,” and it includes lurid and unsubstantiated claims about a campaign of “mass rapes, torture and horrific murders” intended to eliminate whites from South Africa.

Also on that page, in a section titled “Summary of Global White Genocide,” BRR claims that “hardcore extermination of whites physically, biologically, spiritually, culturally, has been ongoing for years in South Africa, but has picked up in rate, level of violence, and intensity,” connecting this with the claim that “the UK, Europe, and the U.S. have suffered fatal levels of mass, nonwhite immigration.”

The show’s themes may be an indication of how successful the South African far right has been in promoting the false idea that whites in the country are subject to a deliberate and ongoing genocide, and how useful that idea is to white nationalists around the world in promoting “great replacement”-style conspiracy theories.
One of Miller’s regular co-hosts is Monika Schaefer, a German Canadian woman who is a prolific Holocaust denier. Schaefer, who ran as a Green Party candidate for Canada’s Parliament, was sentenced to 10 months in prison in Germany in 2018 for incitement to hatred attributed to a YouTube video in which she described the Holocaust as the “biggest and most pernicious and persistent lie in all of history.”

Schaefer uses her airtime to promote fellow Holocaust deniers. Guests have included neo-Confederate and antisemitic pamphleteer Nancy Hitt; Canadian neo-Nazi Paul Fromm; and South African neo-Nazi Jan Lamprecht, who was ordered by a Randburg, South Africa, Magistrate Court to cease posting antisemitic materials online.

Miller has also platformed antisemites and Holocaust deniers including Barnes Review writer John Friend. On Feb. 26, 2022, Miller hosted a joint discussion with well-known Holocaust deniers Fred Leuchter and Jim Rizoli, in which they promised to “delve deep into debunking the Holocaust – that Sacred God, that patented, trademarked, jealous god that will have no other gods before it.”

BRR has also repeatedly featured neo-Confederates, many of whom wish to restore legal white supremacy in the American South. One of the first guests in the program archive was Valerie Protopapas, who has also written extensively for Georgia's neo-Confederate Abbeville Institute. More recently, they hosted Mark Tomey, the current executive officer for the neo-Confederate League of the South, one of the groups that marched at UTR in 2017.

According to BRR’s archives, Bushman himself appeared as a guest on the show in November 2019, when he debated Miller’s co-host, Matt Goodwin, on the value of the U.S. Constitution.
Hatewatch emailed Eddie Miller for comment but received no response.

CSPOA founder, leaders claim to disavow racism​

The CSPOA was founded in 2011 by a former Arizona sheriff Richard Mack. The organization is made up of sheriffs, police officers and other law enforcement officers who claim to act in strict adherence to their own interpretation of the U.S. Constitution.

In accordance with their belief that sheriffs can effectively veto laws they consider unconstitutional, CSPOA member sheriffs have refused to enforce state gun laws, threatened to arrest federal employees who have closed public lands for conservation purposes, and refused to police public health measures introduced during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Mack has also offered “trainings” under the CSPOA banner for law enforcement officers in Texas and Montana as well as another training event at Liberty University in Virginia, which the organization claimed was attended by 200 officers.

Mack founded the organization on his erroneous belief that sheriffs are the highest legal authority in their counties. He claims that this authority means that they can and should resist the measures of a federal government that he believes has far exceeded its own constitutional authority.

Mack, who once worked as a public relations director for the “no-compromise,” antigovernment, pro-gun organization Gun Owners of America, was especially concerned as CSPOA leader about any moves to restrict firearms ownership, but he and the organization also involved themselves in matters related to public lands and civil rights enforcement.

The belief in “county supremacy” is derived from the explicitly racist, antisemitic Posse Comitatus, which combined a version of white-supremacist, Christian Identity beliefs with an antigovernment ideology.
Despite this lineage and his longstanding ties with the racist far right, Mack has always denied that he or CSPOA is racist, and he has even drawn spurious analogies between antigovernment activists such as himself and civil rights leader Rosa Parks.

Bushman’s position as CSPOA leader – even as he appears to promote and earn money from such white nationalists as Edwards, Miller, their co-hosts and some guests – may make it more difficult for the organization to distance itself from organized racism.

Liberty News Radio: Earning from extremism​

LNR is only Bushman’s most recent foray into radio.
On the “About” page of LNR, Bushman claims to have been first attracted to talk radio “about twenty-five years ago” when he heard “hard-hitting talk radio exposing the ‘news the networks refuse to use.’”
On the same page, Bushman says he operated a now-silent station, KNAK, in Delta, Utah, between 1996 and 2006.

Federal Communications Commission records do not indicate when Bushman took control of KNAK, but they do show that he transferred ownership of the station to a Florida man, Jay Harrison, in 2006.
LNR appears to operate on the same principles as terrestrial right-wing talk radio stations like KNAK, the one Bushman once operated, running paid ads against its propagandistic or extremist content.
In conversation with Hatewatch, however, Bushman claimed that “not all the ads are paid for,” and also claimed he had run free advertisements for the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, of which he is a member.

Bushman further claimed that he ran advertisements as orginally broadcast by a syndicated hourly news service he rebroadcasts – for which they collect the fee –on the principle of barter, which he claimed to be “common in the industry.”
The site’s “Advertise” page asks readers to “let Liberty News Radio tell the world about your product or service on Nationally-Syndicated Radio with a Fully-Produced :30 or :60 Second Commercial, a Professional Web Banner.”
LNR is one of at least three trading names used by an underlying Bushman company, Sam Bushman Inc., according to Utah company records. The other trading names include Small Business Tech Guys, Stick To It Charts and End to End Technologies.
Stick To It Charts no longer has a live website, but Internet archives of a website and a blog, and an advertisement in a home-schooling magazine, indicate that it was fronted by Bushman’s wife, Julie. According to those archived materials, the company marketed a money-management system for home-schooling parents to teach to their children.

The other two businesses leverage Bushman’s experience in terrestrial and online radio.
End to End Technologies is listed on the contact page of a website devoted to a software product called “Audio Compass,” which the site describes as a “new, reliable technology; a.k.a. Audio Over Internet Protocol (AOIP)!”
The website claims the software allows the transfer of “low-delay, crystal-clear audio over the internet from one location to another,” and it is apparently available from several pro audio and broadcast retailers who are linked to from Bushman’s site.
Small Business Tech Guys still has a live website that identifies Bushman as the owner and carries a Bushman podcast, “Tech Watch.”
The website offers services including “Cloud Radio Station Automation” and “Podcast Production.” Significantly, the automation services offered appear to be geared to set up online radio stations similar to the one Bushman runs.
Also, LNR’s “Affiliates” page states that stations wishing to broadcast or syndicate content on the station need to purchase a “Barix Reflector Service” device. These devices, manufactured by the Swiss company Barix, allow broadcast audio signals to be distributed over the internet without the digital compression that characterizes digital audio protocols like MP3.
The affiliates page states, “If you purchase the Barix Device from LNR we will make sure the correct firmware is installed and ready to go before your Barix device is shipped to your station.”
LNR is not listed as a dealer on Barix’s website.
Hatewatch emailed Barix for comment on LNR’s offer to sell their devices to affiliates but received no response.
It is not clear how much income Bushman derives from these businesses or what, if any, salary he draws from CSPOA. There is little transparency in CSPOA’s operations, since the organization is not a nonprofit, but as Mack pointed out in his Nov. 1, 2022, website announcement of Bushman’s appointment, a private entity that is still under Mack’s “ownership, complete control and veto authority.”
Hatewatch gleaned no further specific information on these matters from Bushman.
For now, Bushman remains at the head both of an organization that has trained law enforcement officers and claims to represent “constitutional sheriffs,” and a radio station that unapologetically platforms white nationalists.