Book Review: "The Russian Roots of Nazism"--The "Protocols of the Elders of Zion," and Triumphant Rise of Hitler as Politician, Leader
(Apollonian, 11 Sep 22)
(Apollonian, 11 Sep 22)
"The Russian Roots of Nazism, White Emigres and the Making of National Socialism 1917-1945," by Michael Kellogg; Cambridge University Press, UK, 2005; 327 pp, 280 text, xiv; bibliography, notes, index, is outstanding, compelling history of the very beginnings of the National Socialist German Workers party (NSDAP) of Adolf Hitler and his political career, which began w. the Bolshevik revolution leading to the expulsion of many patriots and refugees fm imperial Russia who thereupon fled to the West and Germany where they inevitably met w. numerous German patriots, leading soon to the making and building of the German National Socialists (NSDAP) among other parties. Unfortunately, Kellogg is the usual boob mouthing the usual lies about the idiot holohoax religion, though he's mercifully brief for his mentions thereto; otherwise the history is still very good, much detailed, and extremely informative for our knowledge of history, a distinct advance on previous histories and accounts.
These Russian refugees were actually quite instrumental in the making of both the NSDAP party itself and in the formation and elaboration of the ideas of Hitler, who, Kellogg says, wasn't particularly so anti-Semitic in his views right after the war and in the early days of the Weimar Republic, even though Hitler was already a great fan of anti-semitic composer, Richard Wagner. Kellogg's history covers in detail the period fm Bolshevik revolution to the failed Ludendorff-Hitler putsch of 1923, but there's commentary on the continuing careers within the NSDAP of various members of the German and White Russian emigres which extended to the end of WWII, like Alfred Rosenberg, one of the very topmost National Socialist cultural theoreticians.
For note the Russians knew first hand about the Jews who were at center of the Bolsheviks, and these Russians knew a great deal about how the Jews worked within the Bolsheviks for organization and funding. And don't forget the great and epochal diagnosis and exposition of the cultural workings of Jews at the time, now known as the "Protocols of the Learned Elders of Zion," came fm Russia and was brought with these refugees, the "Protocols..." soon becoming translated and world famous to this very day, revealing the general cultural strategy and motivations of the Bolsheviks, Jews, and other revolutionary agents. "Protocols... most dramatically described the integration of Jew finance, connecting everything else including especially journalism, publishing, and influence in the educational institutes for the heavy and growing Judaic cultural influence--which had been presaged in France in the 1890s by the infamous "Dreyfus affair."
Many of these Russian refugees fm bolshevism were themselves Germans by race and culture fm the Baltic states, like Alfred Rosenberg, within the old Russian empire, and they blended into the revolutionary conditions of Germany itself as WWI came to an end in late 1918--along w. the numerous revolutionary Jews who were also active in Germany and Bavaria at the time. Further, there were other Russians who only a little later became refugees fm such places as Ukraine as the Bolsheviks sought to consolidate their revolution throughout the old Russian empire.
Thus it was under these revolutionary and chaotic conditions after the lost war that the German patriots sought to recover and orient themselves to the new political circumstances of the Weimar Republic and new constitutional conditions, Hitler and others who would make up the new National Socialist party among them. Interestingly, it's notable fact that in some ways, during the post-war revolutionary conditions, the Russians in Germany would be among the better organized hence in position to offer guidance and advice to some of the new German political parties similarly trying to organize themselves. This emigre Russian element within Germany then makes up a great part of the history of Hitler and NSDAP, especially up to the failed 1923 putsch. Even after the failed putsch, many of the Russian emigres continued to work within the NSDAP, like especially Alfred Rosenberg, to name one of the most famous.
Note further that even after the end of WWI, there was still significant active fighting and combat in way of civil war going on in Russia, the Bolsheviks trying to consolidate against the various "white" armies consisting of Czarist remnants and Christians, this active and widespread combat going on well into 1920 and beyond, though evermore sporadic. So not only were the Russian "white" elements actively engaged in combat, but there was in Germany considerable support for the anti-Bolshevik activity directed against local outbreaks and demonstrations by Jews, socialists, liberals, and Bolshevik sympathizers. It was in this revolutionary environment that Hitler gradually but steadily consolidated much of his basic political philosophy and outlook combined w. his previous understanding of things including Wagnerian philosophy and his own experience as day laborer and keen readership of the newspapers prior to WWI. This early political activity of Hitler would culminate in the failed Hitler-Ludendorff putsch of 1923 capping the end of the early period of Hitler's and NSDAP political development.
Thus in the midst of this intense political and revolutionary agitation in Germany, but prior to the 1923 Hitler-Ludendorff putsch in Bavaria, came the famous Kapp putsch of 1920 which was attempted overthrow of the Weimar Republic which failed in Berlin, but interestingly, largely succeeded in Bavaria, bringing in a Bavarian government which was much sympathetic to the "right-wing" and nationalist -type agitation of such as Hitler and his friends and political allies. Thus Hitler worked and built his early philosophy and plans which he wrote about in his book, "Mein Kampf," Hitler intellectually mentored by such as Dietrich Eckart, Alfred Rosenberg, and other Russian-German emigres, like Max von Sheubner-Richter, a major figure who tragically died during the failed Hitler-Ludendorff putsch of 1923.
Thus Kellogg's work provides outstanding detail for that important, formative first historical phase of the interwar Hitlerian phenomenon fm 1917 and revolution to the failed putsch of 1923, the next phase being the difficult yrs during the "Roaring 20s" of relative economic prosperity when the NSDAP had it much tougher for public appeal, then to the third period of the 30s depression and achievement of power in 1933. Kellogg's work is essential reading for both historians and fans of Hitler, the great furher, scourge of the Jews and satanists.